The year 2021 marks the 75th anniversary of the end of the Nuremberg Trials, as part of the activities of the related Ad Hoc International Military Tribunal, established by the Allies at the end of the Second World War. This historic trial, which lasted barely 11 months (from November 20, 1945, to October 1, 1946) and dealt with 24 cases, is part of the long process of emergence of strategies to protect humanity against the mass crimes that have marked the history of the world war.

In order to better understand the very spirit and true scope of this trial, it is obviously necessary to go back to the statutory texts of the Ad Hoc International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. But it is also necessary to take into account historical precedents for international crimes as well as the summit negotiations between the Allies during the Second World War.

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