In the context of the “Nelson Mandela Decade for Peace” (2019-2028), established by the United Nations, it is appropriate to return to one of the most recurrent issues within the international community over the past four decades. This is the perennial question of the reform of the United Nations Security Council!

But before discussing the ins and outs of this subject, it is necessary to first question it.

The diagnosis first, to know what is the exact nature of the dysfunction of this important organ of the international system of collective security? The idea of reform logically leads to a search for the criteria for the normal functioning of an institution such as the Security Council, obviously in the context of the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations devoted to this organ (in particular the provisions of Chapter VII of the Charter entitled “Action in the event of a threat to the peace, breach of the peace and act of aggression”).

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